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IRS Describes Forthcoming Proposed Regulations for Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit, Notice 2024-20; IR-2024-16

Taxpayers may rely on an IRS notice that describes forthcoming regulations for the alternative fuel vehicle refueling property credit. The notice focuses on the census tract requirement added by the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (P.L. 117-169). This requirement limits the credit to qualified property that is installed in an eligible census tract. An eligible census tract is a population census tract in the United States or in a U.S. territory that is:

— a low-income community as described for purposes of the new markets tax credit, or

— not an urban area.

When Property is Placed in Service

The proposed regulations will provide that qualified depreciable property is placed in service in the tax year in which the property’s depreciation period begins under the taxpayer’s depreciation practice; or, if earlier, the tax year in which the property is placed in a condition or state of readiness and availability for a specifically assigned function in a trade or for the production of income.

Non-depreciable property is placed in service when it is installed at the taxpayer’s principal residence and is operational.

Low-Income Communities

For purposes of the new markets tax credit (NMTC), the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund (CDFI Fund) uses five-year estimates to identify Low-income communities. For qualified alternative fuel vehicle refueling property that is placed in service after December 31, 2022, and before January 1, 2025, the IRS intends to allow taxpayers to use either the 2011-2015 NMTC tracts or the 2016-2020 NMTC tracts to determine if property is placed in service in a low-income community.

For property placed in service after 2024, taxpayers would have to use the 2016-2020 NMTC tracts. The IRS expects the 2016-2020 NMTC tracts to remain eligible locations through 2029. Updated NMTC updated census tracts would then provide the determination of low-income community census tracts, and the IRS would issue additional guidance to reflect the updates.

Low-income communities based on the 2011-2015 NMTC tracts are listed in Appendix A of the notice, available at https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/appendix-a-list-of-2015-census-tract-boundary-30c-eligible-tracts-v2-1-4-2024.pdf.

Low-income communities based on the 2016-2020 NMTC tracts are listed in Appendix B of the notice, available at https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/appendix-b-list-of-2020-census-tract-boundary-30c-eligible-tracts-v2-1-4-2024.pdf.

Not Urban Areas

As for census tracts that are not urban areas, the IRS intends to propose regulations that rely on census blocks, which are the smallest geographic area for which the Census Bureau collects and tabulates decennial data. The regulations are expected to provide that any population census tract (using the 2020 Census boundaries) in which at least 10 percent of the census blocks are not designated as urban areas would be a “non-urban census tract.”

Taxpayers can find census blocks identified as urban at https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2022/12/29/2022-28286/2020-census-qualifying-urban-areas-and-final-criteria-clarifications.

Since the non-urban determinations based on the 2020 Census were released in 2023, the IRS expects that determinations based on the 2030 Census will be released in 2033. The IRS will provide additional guidance to reflect the 2030 determinations. Until then, taxpayers may rely on the 2020 determinations.

Where Property is Placed in Service

The regulations will determine whether property is placed in service in a eligible census tract based on the 11-digit census tract GEOID for the population census tract. An 11-digit census tract GEOID is a numeric identifier associated with a geographic area, comprising a two-digit state GEOID, three-digit county GEOID, and six-digit census tract GEOID. Thus, the 11-digit census tract GEOID provides a unique identifier for each population census tract. The 11-digit census tract GEOIDs may vary for any individual latitude/longitude point based on different census tract boundary delineation dates over time.

Qualified alternative fuel refueling property placed in service after December 31, 2022, and before January 1, 2025, will be considered placed in service in an eligible census tract if the 11-digit census tract GEOID for the population census tract in which it is placed in service is listed in Appendix A or Appendix B. However, for property placed in service on or after January 1, 2025, and before January 1, 2030, taxpayers must use Appendix B because it is based on the 2020 census tract boundaries.

Similarly, for property placed in service after December 31, 2022, and before January 1, 2025, both the 2015 census tract boundaries and the 2020 census tract boundaries are relevant. For property placed in service on or after January 1, 2025, and before January 1, 2030, only the 2020 census tract boundaries are relevant.

Taxpayers can determine the 11-digit census tract GEOID of a location under the 2015 census tract boundaries by using the CDFI mapping tool available via https://www.cdfifund.gov/cims .

Taxpayers can determine the 11-digit census tract GEOID of a location under the 2020 census tract boundaries using the Census Geocoder, available via https://geocoding.geo.census.gov/geocoder/geographies/address?form . or the latitude and longitude point at https://geocoding.geo.census.gov/geocoder/geographies/coordinates?form .

FL - Taxpayer did not qualify as private trust

The Florida Department of Revenue (department) determined that a taxpayer was not a private trust excluded from the definition of […]

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FL - Taxpayer did not qualify as private trust

FL - Governor proposes tax cuts in state of the state address

In his State of the State Address, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis proposed $1.1 billion in tax cuts, the continuation of […]

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FL - Governor proposes tax cuts in state of the state address

FinCEN Commences Beneficial Ownership Reporting Under Bipartisan Corporate Transparency Act

The Department of Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), has begun accepting beneficial ownership information report under the bipartisan Corporate Transparency Act, enacted in 2021. This effort requires companies doing […]

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FinCEN Commences Beneficial Ownership Reporting Under Bipartisan Corporate Transparency Act

Employee Benefit Plan Filing Extension Procedures Updated

Starting in 2024, Form 5558 is no longer used to request an extension of time to file Form 5330, Return of Excise […]

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Employee Benefit Plan Filing Extension Procedures Updated

More Than 1,000 Projects Registered Through IRS ECO Tool, IR-2024-14

The Internal Revenue Service said that more than 1,000 projects have been registered through the agency’s Energy Credits Online tool. The tool was created to help taxpayers who are taking […]

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More Than 1,000 Projects Registered Through IRS ECO Tool, IR-2024-14

IRS Encourages Taxpayers to Get Ready for 2024 Filing Season, IR-2024-1

The IRS has encouraged taxpayers to utilize tips, tools and other resources available on the IRS website to Get Ready for 2024 filing season. The agency is set to announce the start […]

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IRS Encourages Taxpayers to Get Ready for 2024 Filing Season, IR-2024-1

Transitional Guidance on Reporting of Information on Receipt of Digital Assets Announced, Announcement 2024-4, IR-2024-12

The IRS has provided transitional guidance under Code Sec. 6050I with respect to reporting transactions involving receipt of digital assets. The Service has further clarified that at this time, digital assets are not required […]

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Transitional Guidance on Reporting of Information on Receipt of Digital Assets Announced, Announcement 2024-4, IR-2024-12

IRS Updates List of Qualified Census Tracts for Qualified Mortgage Bonds and Mortgage Credit Certificates, Rev. Proc. 2024-08

The IRS has provided issuers of qualified mortgage bonds and issuers of mortgage credit certificates with an updated list of qualified census tracts for each state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. […]

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IRS Updates List of Qualified Census Tracts for Qualified Mortgage Bonds and Mortgage Credit Certificates, Rev. Proc. 2024-08

IRS Announces Leadership Restructuring, IR-2023-237

The IRS Commissioner, Danny Werfel, has announced plans for new leadership structure to align with transformation goals. The updated chart, the first in two […]

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IRS Announces Leadership Restructuring, IR-2023-237

IRS: Taxpayers and Tax Professionals Should Protect Themselves from Scams, IR-2023-223, IR-2023-224, IR-2023-226, IR-2023-227, IR-2023-229

As the National Tax Security Awareness Week concludes, the IRS emphasized on the ongoing need for taxpayers and tax professionals to stay […]

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IRS: Taxpayers and Tax Professionals Should Protect Themselves from Scams, IR-2023-223, IR-2023-224, IR-2023-226, IR-2023-227, IR-2023-229