Final Regulations Reflect CARES Act Impact on FDII, GILTI, and FTC Transition Carryback Rules
The Treasury and IRS have issued final regulations addressing the calculation of qualified business asset investment for qualified improvement property, under the alternative depreciation system (ADS), for purposes of the Code Sec. 250 deduction (for foreign-derived intangible income and Code Sec. 951A global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI)) and for purposes of determining GILTI.
The regulations also contain transition rules relating to the impact of loss accounts on net operating loss carrybacks allowed under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (P.L. 116-136) (the “CARES Act””).
Treatment of Qualified Improvement Property Under Code Secs. 250 and 951A
The regulations clarify that the technical amendments to Code Sec. 168 made by section 2307(a) of the CARES Act apply to determine the adjusted basis of property under Code Sec. 250 and Code Sec. 951A. The CARES Act classified qualified improvement property as 15-year property with a 20-year recovery period, for purposes of ADS. The rule is treated as effective December 22, 2017. The ADS rules used for determining qualified business asset investments are the rules in effect on December 22, 2017.
The CARES Act allowed taxpayers to carryback for five years, NOLs incurred in 2018 through 2020. The regulations provide rules analogous to the existing transition rules in Reg. §1.904(f)-12(j) to situations involving an NOL arising in a post-2017 tax year that is carried back to a pre-2018 tax year. The rules of Reg. §1.904(g)-3(b) apply to the NOL carryback, and income in a pre-2018 separate category in the tax year to which the NOL is carried back is generally treated as if it included only income that would be assigned to the same separate category in post-2017 tax years.
Therefore, any separate limitation loss created by reason of a passive category component of a post-2017 NOL that is carried back to offset pre-2018 general category income will be recaptured in post-2017 tax years as general category income, and not as a combination of post-2017 general, foreign branch, or Code Sec. 951A category income. Losses will first ratably offset a taxpayer’s general category income in the carryback year, to the extent thereof, and that no separate limitation loss account will be created as a result of that offset. The amount of income in the general category available to be offset under this rule is determined after first offsetting the general category income in the carryback year by a post-2017 NOL component in the general category that is carried back to the same year.
Proposed regulations under Code Sec. 1297 and Code Sec. 1298, for determining whether a foreign corporation is treated as a passive foreign investment company (PFIC) and the treatment of income and assets of a qualifying insurance corporation that is engaged in the active conduct of an insurance business, were not finalized.
The Treasury and IRS intends to finalize the regulations separately.