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Electronic Filing Final Regulations Issued for Certain Returns and Documents, T.D. 9972

The IRS has issued final regulations for filing certain returns and other documents electronically (e-file). The regulations affect persons required to file returns for partnerships, corporations, unrelated business income tax, withholding, excise taxes, as well as information returns, disclosure statements, and other documents. The electronic filing requirements generally apply to applicable returns and documents required to be filed beginning in 2024, except for returns of tax-exempt organizations which apply to tax years beginning after July 1, 2019.

Electronic Filing

The final regulations generally adopt the proposed regulations issued in 2021 for electronic filing under the following Code Section:

Like the 2021 proposals, the final regulations generally require e-filing by taxpayers other than individuals if, during the calendar year, they are required to file 250 or more returns. The final rules also eliminate the e-filing exception for income tax returns of corporations that report total assets under $10 million at the end of their taxable year. Partnerships with more than 100 partners are required to e-file information returns, and they require partnerships required to file at least 10 returns of any type during the calendar year to e-file their partnership return.

Information Returns

Under Code Sec. 6011(e) and related regulations, filers are already required to file information returns and statements electronically if, during a calendar year, they are required to file 250 or more returns. The 2021 proposed regulations would have reduced the applicable threshold to 100 or more returns for returns required to be filed during 2022 and 10 or more returns for returns required to be filed after calendar year 2022.

Because the final regulations are not applicable until calendar year 2024, the proposed electronic-filing thresholds of 100 and 10 returns, respectively are not adopted. Instead, the electronic-filing threshold for information returns required to be filed in calendar years 2022 and 2023 remains at 250. However, the final regulations adopt the electronic-filing threshold of 10 for returns required to be filed on or after January 1, 2024.

In addition, the final regulations adopt the proposed rule without any change that if a person is required to file original information returns electronically, that person must file any corresponding corrected information returns electronically.

Waivers and Exemption

Many of the regulations imposing electronic-filing requirements also provide a waiver from electronic filing to any person who establishes undue hardship. The final regulations adopt several changes in reviewing waiver requests, noting that costs to a taxpayer will only be one factor. The Treasury and IRS anticipate providing additional details on the specific hardship-waiver procedures for each form affected by the final regulations, including exemptions for taxpayers whose religious belief conflict with the electronic filing requirement. The final regulations do not provide for waivers and exemptions in all circumstances or for all tax forms required to be electronically filed.

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